For many therapists there is a postmodern shift taking place, and they call what they do   "postmodern therapy."

If you are a therapist, and you are at this website, there is a good chance that you are part of this shift, even if you don't know it.  If you feel you might be one of us, click here to read more.

Names to Know when Reading about Postmodernism,

Postmodern Therapies, or PMTH

If this page is of interest to you, you may also wish to look at PMTH NEWS


Aristotle - (384-322 BC)  Ancient Greek philosopher, student of Plato and tutor of Alexander the Great.  He was the author of many influential texts that were revived during the middle ages and dramatically influenced western culture. Aristotle was the inventor of a systematic logic based on the syllogism that is, in turn, based on the law of an excluded middleWittgenstein, Derrida, and other authors who have influenced the postmodern movement are particularly critical of the law of the excluded middle in that it leads to binary thinking (i.e., black and white thinking).

Theodor Adorno - (1903-1969) A critical psychologist from the Frankfurt school that combined Freud and Marx.   He argued that capitalism has become more entrenched because it cultivates false needs. 

To understand postmodernism, one needs to understand the way the western world was influenced by important writers from ancient Greece like Aristotle.  This book is the most entertaining and engaging way I know to do that if you have never actually read Aristotle.

Aristotle's Children : How Christians, Muslims, and Jews Rediscovered Ancient Wisdom and Illuminated the Middle Ages

J. L. Austin - early twentieth century British philosopher who introduced the concepts performative utterances. He was the key figure in the development of speech act theory which divides speech into different kinds of interpersonal actions. His philosophy is often called "ordinary language philosophy" because he philosophized about the way ordinary everyday language works.
Tom Andersen -The Norwegian psychiatrist who invented the concept of a reflecting team. )  In a reflecting team, a group of people, usually therapists, observe a family in therapy process and then gather to talk about the family in the presence of the family.   The family is not a part of the conversation with the reflecting team, but merely listens.  Both family therapist Michael White and psychologist Harlene Anderson have adapted the concept of a reflecting team in their respective approaches to therapy.

Check out Tom Andersen's classic book,

The Reflecting Team: Dialogues and Dialogues About the Dialogues.

Harlene Anderson, Ph.D., PMTH subscriber, Co-Founder of  the Galveston Family Institute along with co--author Harry Goolishian.  Today this organization is called the Houston-Galveston Institute (HGI).  Together they developed a form of therapy called "Collaborative Language Systems" or CLS.  Therapists take a stance they call " not-knowing." Click here for more on Not-Knowing, Click here for a summary of articles of Goolishian available: Article1.

The key concepts of Anderson's approach to therapy are contained

Conversation Language and Possibilities: A Postmodern Approach to Therapy

Jennifer Andrews, Ph.D. in psychology with a specialization in marriage and family therapy, and PMTH subscriber.  She is on the faculty at Loma Linda University & also supervises the clinical work of graduate students.  Her studies involved work with Virgina Satir, Jay Haley & Clo� Madanes, Salvador Minuchin, Murray Bowen,  Paul Watzlawick, Luigi Boscolo and Gianfranco Cecchin, Insoo, Steve and Scott Miller, and also with Michael White.   Most importantly, perhaps, she worked with Harry Goolishian right before his recent death.  Goolishian was on her dissertation committee. In addition to clinical work and teaching,  Andrews produces videotapes about postmodern ideas and clinical work for use in the classroom under the name of Masterswork Productions  (
Sir Alfred Jules Ayer (1910-1989), British philosopher who influenced the development of analytic philosophy.
Bachelard, Gaston - Some consider Gaston Bachelard one of the great minds of our times.  He is very prolific.  He has published twenty-three books which are expressed in subtle and suggestive prose.  His intellectual career, however, began in mathematics, physics and chemistry and he once held the chair in the philosophy of science department at the Sorbonne.  He then initiated a wholly new method of working with matter, exploring its core with the discourses of psychoanalysis and aesthetics.
Bacigalupe, Gonzalo - PMTH subscriber,  a native Chilean trained as a family therapist (at the craze of Maturana's rediscovery by Paul Dell in the U.S.) there and then did a doctoral in Amherst at a lucky point in time since so many god people were relating to each other there (Janine Roberts, Lynn Hoffman, Von Glasersfeld, Vernon Cronen, Sara Cobbs, Marcelo Pakman, and other social constructionist minds). click here for more information  click here  for home page
Baird, Frank -  PMTH subscriber, marriage and family therapist.
Marcelle Bartolo-Abela - PMTH subscriber  and a Master's candidate in clinical mental health counseling at Springfield College, and an intern in the department of psychiatry at Baystate Medical Center, Massachusetts. .
Bauman, Zygmunt - Emeritus Professor of Sociology at the University of Leeds. He is known today for his recent work in social theory of modernity and postmodernity.  He pictures the postmodern person negatively as a person without commitment, wandering aimlessly through a world without structure.  He is, therefore, a nostalgic postmodern.  Sometimes people are nostalgic for the days when the path to progress was laid out for those who come before, or at least a methodological path is laid out..  
Bliss Browne  - is an Episcopal priest who created and director or  Imagine Chicago, a non-profit organization offering people especially young people, an opportunity to develop their imagination as city creators to participate in and sustain change. (web site for Imagine Chicago might be a link for the article) - as well as HGI web site.
Mikhail  Bakhtin - a theorist writing in the Soviet Union beginning in the nineteen-twenties.  He is often cited in postmodern works.  Bakhtin argued that all forms of speech involve dialogic thinking. Even apparent monologues are directed toward getting a response from another.  For more information, click here.

For a good introduction to Bakhtin read

Introducing Bakhtin

Michael J. Banks, Ph.D., PMTH subscriber, is a clinical psychologist in private practice, trainer, & consultant.  He has an extensive clinical background in Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, Ericksonian Hypnotherapy, Neuro-Linguistic Programming, & Solution-Focused Brief Therapy.  Known for his
warmth, his sense of humor, and the clarity & depth of his presentations, Michael has designed numerous programs that have aided people in improving their health and enhancing the quality of their lives.

Barthes, Roland. (1915-80).  A brilliant and influential literary critic.  His work is often considered postmodern.  Barthes is most known, perhaps, for his 1968 essay, "Death of the Author".  He contended that trying to understand a work by investigating the intended meanings of the author, restricts the unfolding of unknown meaning within the layers of writing.  His writing is highly visionary in a positive sense of that term.

Gregory Bateson (1904-1980) Was an anthropologist who developed interesting ideas on cybernetics that were to prove influential in the developments of family therapy.  He was also, at one point, the husband of Margaret Mead and together they developed the double-bind theory of schizophrenia and the notion of a schizo-genic mother.

Jean Baudrillard ,sociologist and postmodern theorist.  His work is nostalgic, seeing postmodernism as bound up with a proliferation of consumer goods and services, and a kind of boredom coming from disillusionment.

Henri Bergson - French philosopher who proposed elan vital as the cause of evolution and development (1859-1941)

Michael Billig -  professor of social psychology, 8 books all with a postmodern slant.  He takes a close up look at the way language is used.
Cathy Birkett - PMTH subscriber and mature student currently completing a Masters' degree in Counselling Psychology at the University of Natal in South Africa.  Training included psycho-dynamic, cognitive behavioural, and narrative therapies. Internship at the Student Counselling Centre. Currently researching health and wellbeing of adolescents in this period of challenge and transformation in our country.  Interests in postmodern therapies and solution focussed work. Married with three grown up daughters.
Dan Bloom, J. D., L.C.S.W., -- PMTH subscriber, and a psychotherapist in New York City. He studied with Laura Perls, Isadore From, Richard Kitzler, and Patrick Kelley. He is a full member of the New York Institute for Gestalt Therapy and its ex-president, and is also a full member of the European Association for
Gestalt Therapy. He is president-elect of the Association for the Advancement of Gestalt Therapy (AAGT). He teaches and lectures internationally. His writings have appeared in various professional journals in many different languages. He is editor-in-chief of the new journal, Studies in Gestalt Therapy: Dialogical Bridges
Leonard Bohanon, Ph.D., PMTH subscriber, Psychologist and Licensed Marriage & Family Therapist, Private Practice at Woodlands Family Institute (,and staff at the University of Houston Counseling Center.  Member of the faculty at Houston Galveston Institute ( Lecturer with Our Lady of the Lake University - Houston Campus. 
David Bohm  - (1917-1994) quantum physicist and philosopher of science.  He gives us a radical view of physics and talks of dialogue in a way that sometimes sounds like Lyotard.
Lluis Botella Garcia del Cid, Ph.D., PMTH subscriber, clinical psychologist Department of Clinical Ramon Llull University, Barcelona, here to e-mail:
Jerome Bruner - A key author who helped facilitate postmodern understandings by his research into the ways in which people use their preconceived personal and idiosyncratic concepts and preconceptions to make sense of new material or situations they are trying to understand.
Judith Butler - A professor of comparative literature at the University of California at Berkeley.  Her most influential book is Gender Trouble (1990).  She argues against the politics of essentialism of gender, that is, she argues against the notion that women have a common characteristic that makes them different from men in an essential way.
Click here for more details
Rudolf Carnap (1891-1970) German philosopher who was a logical positivist with the Vienna Circle.
Gianfranco Cecchin (1932–2004) was one of several psychiatrists who started the Milan school of family therapy in family therapy. His work became increasingly postmodern before he died.
Michael Coffey B Ed (hons) Ph D (in progress) PMTH subscriber.  a pomo (ish)  heckler, HIV/Educator, Youth Policy worker, adult educator, imposter, academic (ish), sound artist.. has a twenty year history in experimental music and fourteen years in community education and work. Current thinking on-line at
Scott Cole - PMTH subscriber. Occupation focus is in communications fields and artificial intelligence, in both technology and management. Licensed minister with a mainline denomination with a previous focus on counseling. Does seminars, training, and publishing on creative writing, etc. Explores and writes at the nexus of religion, philosophy, and psychology about the development of: symbols (words), narrative, motivation, attitude change, meaning and purpose in people's lives, social problems, and the influence of Postmodernism on belief and social behavior. Writing and publishing is now (since 1996) primarily a probing series about "the human condition," on the Internet for writers, in the hope of intriguing others to dig more deeply into subjects in social psychology and avoid stereotypes ( From a Postmodernist and social constructivist perspective, is concerned about the type of world that we create for ourselves as we reinvent ourselves. Probably born with a Postmodernist attitude, has enjoyed PMTH since its inception. Married (30+ years), three grown children.
Diana Cook, Ph.D., PMTH subscriber, sociologist, New York City.
Steven Cooper, Ph.D., psychoanalyst, Massachusetts Institute for Psychoanalysis, supports a growing movement in in psychoanalysis that wants to loosen rules on self-disclosure and anonymity in psychoanalysis - thus he is postmodernizing psychoanalaysis..
Nicolaus Copernicus - (1473-1543)  Polish astronomer who advanced the theory that the earth and other planets revolve around the sun, disrupting the Ptolemaic system of astronomy.
Tom Craig, Ph.D (Religion: Hebrew Bible),  Ph.D (Rhetoric and Philosophy of Communication)
PMTH subscriber, Tom is a biblical scholar who also works in the areas of Phenomenology, Semiotics, Disability Studies, and the postmodern discipline of Communicology. Presently the Co-Chair of the Society for Phenomenology and the Human Sciences (1997-99) and a Visiting Scholar in the Women's
Studies Program at Brock University in St. Catharines, Ontario, heal so works as the Co-Director of "The BodyWorks Consultation," a small, developing company working with individual clients and companies.
Kurt Danziger - Professor Emeritus at York University, Toronto.  His most recent books are Naming the Mind: How Psychology Found its Language (Sage, 1997).  and Constructing the Subject: Historical Origins of Psychological Research (Cambridge University Press, 1990).
Elliott S. Dacher, M.D., postmodern medical theoretician. clickhere to read his article on postmodern medicine.  Click here to go to his home page. He can be reached by clickinghere.
John Dakin -  PMTH subscriber, community mental health nurse and systemic therapist, working in Dunstable, England. .

Joyce Dattner, PMTH subscriber, colleague of Fred Newman for more than 25 years. On the founding committee of the first social therapy center in NYC in the 1970's and a lead practitioner of Newman and Holzman's cultural performatory approach to human development....currently the Director of the West Coast Center for Social Therapy and its clinical training program and the coordinator of the Bay Area Committee for Independent Culture.

Donald Davidson, contemporary philosopher  (b. 1917) who holds that communicative interaction is a thoroughly hermeneutic act that cannot be converted into a logical framework or system of social conventions that determines the meaning of our utterances.  He argues that we know what someone means by knowing what they intend to express and that the best way to know this is to learn what the speaker believes.  He argues that the best way to understand what the speaker believes is the application of what he calls the "principle of charity" which assumes that most of what the speaker believes are things that we believe to be true.  This gives us a provisional way to understand people that can be modified when appropriate.  Davidson insists we must have a notion of an objective truth but he does not give us an account (either hermeneutic or correspondence) of truth.

Gilles Deleuze, recently deceased, professor of philosophy who wrote with Felix Guattari. Most famous book is Anti-Oedipus that argued that our culture had damaged us by imposing an Oedipus Complex on us.  Schizophrenia was the proposed model for escaping the damage of Oedipus.

Jacques Derrida, French philosopher working mostly in the US today.  He is the father of "deconstructionism" and is the person who popularized the word " deconstruction." His work is quite obscure and the scholarly public is very divided about it.  clickhere for more details

Rene Descartes, (1596-1650), important French philosopher and mathematician.  He founded analytic geometry and is considered by many to be the founder of modern philosophy. In that philosophy, he held that mind was separate from matter and interacts through the pineal gland in the center of the brain.  This speculative notion was deduced through an argument.  The argument begins with his Cartesian doubt in his own existence (i.e., "Maybe I am only dreaming").  He resolved that doubt by saying, essentially, that even if he is dreaming he is conscious, that he could not even doubt if he was not a conscious and thinking subject, and since he is conscious, he exists.  In other words, his argument was "I think, therefore I am." (see cogito)

Klaus G. Deissler, Ph.D., PMTH subscriber,  psychotherapist in private practice and a consultantin psychiatric and related (also business) field, author of several books and many articles in family and systemic therapy (in German). He is editorof the German Journal "Zeitschrift f�r systemische Therapie". His main interest is in postmodern ideas and practices beyond systemic thinking and/or practice. Currently he is editing a book together with Sheila McNamee on the relationship between psychotherapeutic practice and philosophical ideas; especially on social or dialogical poetics.

Jonathan Diamond, Ph.D., PMTH subscriber, is a consultant, writer and practicing psychotherapist in Northampton and Greenfield Massachusetts. The author of Narrative Means to Sober Ends: Treating Addiction and It's Aftermath (Guilford, 2000), his new book Fatherless Sons: Healing The Legacy Of Loss will be published by John Wiley & Sons in 2003. Jonathan's ideas about addictions, trauma, and psychotherapy are also represented in articles and book chapters including, Post Modern Therapy: New Voices in Clinical Social Work in New Paradigms in Clinical Social Work: Volume 2, Rochelle Dorfman, editor (Bruner Mazel, 1999), and "Making Friends With Your Addiction" in The Psychotherapy Networker (July/August, 2000). He lives with his wife and two sons in Heath MA.

Robert E. Doan, Ph.D. PMTH subscriber Counseling Psychology from the University of Oklahoma (1986). Currently a tenured, full professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Central Oklahoma, Edmond, Oklahoma. Primarily teach master's student classes which include marriage and family therapy, competency-based counseling, and theories and techniques of counseling. Was in private practice for ten years, but am currently taking a break. Ran a therapy training team for nine years which gave local therapists the chance to sit on reflecting teams and receive live supervision. Have sponsored several workshops on the UCO campus which have included Michael White, David Epston, Evan Imber-Black, Ken Stewart, Janet Adams-Wescott, Alan Parry, and Gary Sanders. Have been interested in narrative/postmodern approaches since seeing Michael White in Calgary in 1986 while doing my doctoral internship at the Family Therapy Program. My work is also informed by evolutionary psychology and the "likely stories" that have emerged in our species. I am especially interested in the development and evolution of language. In 1994, I co-authored a book with Alan Parry entitled "Story Re-Visions: Narrative Therapy in the Postmodern World".  Most recently, my focus as been the tendency (an evolutionary likely story) for humans to reify their metaphors and worship their gurus....even those who are informed by narrative and postmodern ideas. My hobbies include distance running, guitar, and fly fishing. I have a summer home in Chama, New Mexico where I spend June and July each year. Guests are welcome. Theair is cool (8000 feet) and the fishing is decent. Always have time for stimulating discussions on the front porch of the old (1912) Victorian house we call our second home (my significant other is a school counselor named Lesia).

Helen Douglas, MA - PMTH subscriber,  a philosopher with a counselling practice near Cape Town, South Africa. Her continuing project is to rethink issues of violence and justice through the work of Emmanuel Levinas.  
Carol Drury, PMTH subscriber, Doctoral Candidate George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA; Supervisor of rehabilitation Counselors; Self Employed Mediator, Counselor, and Organizational Consultant.; Current research in investigating the issue of work (employment, not clinical) for people with personality disorders and/or substance abuse (combines qualitative and quantitative data).
Nick Drury, PMTH subscriber, Clinical Psychologist, private practice in Rotorua New Zealand. Hippy (1967 - 1972),M.Soc.Sc. (1976), M.Phil. (1980), hospital psychologist for too long, private practice. Father to Anna, Paul, & Abdhul Khan, and grandfather of Amini.  Occasional marathon jogger, mountain biker, and tai chi. Some interesting zen and profeminism.
Alastair Duhs, PMTH subscriber,  is a narrative and discursive therapist based in auckland, New Zealand. coming to the field of psychotherapy via the wonderful world of physics, he has a passion for nature, how things work, how we construct our senses of ourselves, and how we negotiate this wonderful thing that we call life. heavily influenced by Foucault, Derrida, Wittgenstein and Michael White, he is also enjoying being heavily influenced by the PMTH list!
Jeffrey K. Edwards, Ed.D., LMFT, PMTH subscriber,  I am a Professor of Counselor Education at Northeastern Illinois University, and I am more interested in downsizing and enjoyingmy life, than in creating any new ideas. I stopped two independent practices last year when I realized that all those people in distress I was seeing had much in common with me, and I was not heeding any of my ideas (like, "what would life be like, if you got rid of your cell phones, downsized your lives, and spent more time with your family? -- question to at least 4 families with high powered attorneys)   I see Postmodernism as an interesting way of approaching therapy, but I'm worried that like all other ideas, it too has proselytized itself, while at the same time demanding that there is not much to truth (a very dangerous and interesting position to ponder).  I, with other colleagues, i.e., Freedman, Bryant, and Combs brought Michael White to Northeastern in 1991, while my mostly modernist faculty said "who's he??"  My interests include supervision of counselors within a Strength-based model.  You may learn more about me and my work, including links to "strength-based" articles I have written at
Edward Epp, MA studio art, M.Ed Counselling RCC , PMTH subscriber, -artist, therapist, counsellor. Interested in finding new ways to help make the world a 'saner' place, more unified and more beautiful. Attracted to the best of human inventions in therapy as well as in the arts and other sciences.  4616 Hillcrest Ave., Terrace, B.C. VOG 2H3 Canada.
Paul Epstein, PMTH subscriber, holds an MA in Psychology and Drama Therapy from the California Institute of Integral Studies.  Paul works with schools and organizations as a drama consultant, helping them se drama as an educational and group-process tool.  He resides in Berkeley, California.

David Epston, co-author with Michael White of Narrative Means to Therapeutic Ends (1990) which launched a popular school of Narrative Therapy.
Erik H. Erickson, (1902-1994). A child psychoanalyst who was influenced by anthropologists, Gregory Bateson and Margaret Mead and he emphasized the role of culture in the formation of personality. He wrote a number of books, but perhaps the most famous was Childhood and Society.
Paul Feyerabend (1924-1996) An American  philosopher who argued for a kind of scientific relativism. He noted that if truth is, as Kuhn had argued, specific to various paradigms or frames of reference, then it was not possible to say that science progressed.

Stanley Fish- Until recently, he was Chairman of the Department of English,Arts and Sciences Distinguished Professor of English, and Professor of Law, Duke University.  But this controversial high-profile professor has recently taken a job as the highest paid employee as a Dean at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

Michel Foucault, philosopher, recently deceased.  Major inspiration for the Narrative Therapy of Epston andWhite.  Visit the Foucault dictionary.
James Fraser, LMFT (lcensed marriage and family therapist, California), LCPC (licensed, clinical professional counselor, Maryland), PMTH subscriber, currently a counselor educator at Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu, China.  Nantong is 3 hours north of Shanghai.  He found his way to the PMTH listserv looking for new ways to teach student counselors about listening and presence.  He maintained a private practice in Santa Rosa, and San Rafael, CA, from 1980 to 1999.  He has worked as a administrative and clinical supervisor in mental health units in a juvenile hall/boot camp and a out-patient clinic, specializing in in-home therapy in inner city Baltimore.  He has also worked as a therapist in a therapeutic community, an after school program for at risk youth, and at a psychiatric out-patient clinic.  He has practiced a number of martial arts, for months to decades, since 1961.  This practice certainly includes how the depth of some internal martial arts (Neija Chuan) embody and put ancient Chinese philosophy into action and movement, including the Tao Te Ching, I-Ching, Yin/Yang Theory, 5 Element Theory, and the Baqua, or 8 trigram theory.  Currently he is training in Yang Tai Chi Chuan, and Yang Tai Chi Xiao Jia (Yang Tai Chi Small Frame).  The latter is a rare form and system of Tai Chi, little known even China.  He has a strong interest in the practices and psychology of  Buddhism, especially as interpreted by Thich Nhat Hanh
Gabrielle Guedet, PhD. MFCC - PMTH subscriber,  licensed therapist - with practices in both Sacramento & San Francisco - works in areas of Jungian Depth Psychology - also in areas of Child Development & Child Psychology - does trainings & consultations on variousissues & topics - works in areas of mythology - sand tray - but also in areas of domestic violence - at-risk adolescents - children (0-5) -a wide variety of issues

Paulo Freire - (1921-1997) A Marxist Brazilian theorist arguing how to educate the oppressed.  He argues for reducing the power distinctions between teacher and student and bringing the classroom back into the real world.

Freud, Sigmund (1856- 1939),  founder of psychoanalysis.  He was surely the most influential writer on psychological matters this century.  His first influential workwas The Interpretation of Dreams published in  1900, and it was followed shortly by The Psychopathology of Everyday Life, 1904; and these were followed by many other works.

Fromm, Erich (1900 - 1980). A sociologist who became a psychoanalyst under training with Frieda Fromm-Reichman (herself influenced by Harry Stack Sullivan). He developed some fame as an author of psychologically oriented works such as Escape from Freedom and The Art of Loving. At one point she was married to Frieda Fromm-Reichman.  
Frieda Fromm-Reichman (1889-1957). A psychoanalyst married to Erich Fromm in 1926, but separated from him as they fled out of Hitler's Germany. She came to the United States in 1935 where she was highly influenced by the famous Amerian psychiatrist, Harry Stack Sullivan. She and Sullivan collaborated to form a psychoanalytic training institute, William Alanson White Institute of Psychoanalysis and Psychiatry. Her work was most popularly described by a patient in a well known book, I Never Promised You a Rose Garden. Her own best known writing is her very Sullivanian description of how to do psychoanalysis, Principles of Intensive Psychotherapy.  
Hans-Georg Gadamer, recently deceased, philosopher who wrote in the tradition of Martin Heidegger.  Gadamer's work is considered a hermeneutics, or a philosophy of interpretive language.

Read Gadamer's key work on hermeneutics.

Truth and Method

Jerry Gale, PMTH subscriber, director of MFT program at U of Georgia, eclectic influence, interest in qualitative research, current research in conversational analysis of therapeutic conversations, married no children, published 1 authored book (Conversational Analysis of Therapeutic Discourses) and one edited book with Les Steffe (Constructivism in education). Married, 2 dogs, improvisational theatre performances.
click here for more information
Steven Gans, PMTH subscriber, is co-author of Just Listening: Ethics and Therapy (with Leon Redler) and co-founder of The Just Listening Association His in Philosophy from Penn State and he has taught Philosophy in the U.S and U.K. In search of the lost art of philosophic practice he trained as an Existential Psychoanalyst with R.D.Laing and the Philadelphia Association (London). He practiced as a psychoanalytic psychotherapist, is a member of the Philadelphia Association and was on the PA faculty and training committee for over 25 years before returning to the U.S. He has written extensively on the intersection between philosophy and psychoanalysis with special emphasis on the ethical contribution of Emmanuel Levinas.

Harold Garfinkel - a noted sociologist, student of Talcott Parsons.  Garfinkel denied that normative rules, no matter how detailed or internatlized could be determinative of social conduct.  He wanted to develop a social systembuilt solely from the analysis of experience structures.  Garfinkel founded the movement of ethnomethodology.

The classic introduction to Garfinkel's work is a book by John Heritage called:

Garfinkel and Ethnomethodology

Kenneth Gergen ,Ph.D. professor of psychology, leading theorist in the postmodern and social constructionist movement in psychology.  Gergen argues for a distinction being made between social constructionism and constructivism. Clickhere for more details.

Mary Gergen, a professor of of psychology and Women's Studies at Pennsylvania State University.  She is a noteworthy leader in publications on women's studies and a founding member of TaosInstitute.

Nigel Glaze - PMTH subscriber, Art therapist and  systemic family therapist and, Clinical practice in the UK National Health Service. Currently undertaking doctorialresearch with Birmingham University.

Erving Goffman, (1922-1982) A well known sociologist .  Goffman wrote about the self in a worldthat both creates the self and oppresses it, talking about such thingsas the way people manage the impressions they make on others and theirsocial roles.

Harold (Harry) Goolishian, Ph.D.recently deceased, co-creator with Harlene Anderson of a school of therapy called "collaborative language systems"(CLS).  CLS therapy is highly influenced by Wittgenstein ,Gergen,and Gadamer  Therapists take a stance they call " not-knowing." Click here for more on Not-Knowing Summaryof articles of Goolishian available: Article1.

Murray Graham  Gordon works as an organizational consultant, executive coach and philotherapist in New York City.  He recently launched, a website created for discussion of issues related to philosophy, therapy and life in general.  He is particularly interested in present in the work of Derrida, Levinas and others.  As part of the Living Philosophy network, he and Alison Cichowski have organized a Living Philosophy Caf� � meetings are every alternate Tuesday at The Fish Bar in the East Village.  Philosophy Caf� meetings are also held from time to time at Other Books, a New York City bookstore devoted to psychoanalytic books.
         Murray trained in Organizational Consulting at the William Alanson White Psychoanalytic Institute in New York.  He also trained with R.D. Laing�s Philadelphia Association in London in the seventies.  He has a Masters degree in Humanistic Psychology from Antioch University, an M.A. in Philosophy from The State University of New York at Stony Brook, as well as an M.Sc. degree in Computer Science.

Antonio Gramsci - (1891-1937) Argued that the working class was not necessarily revolutionary.
Click here formore iinformation

Felix Guattari, M.D. Lacanian psychoanalyst, wrote with Gilles Deleuze. Most famous book is Anti-Oedipus that argued that our culture had damaged us by imposing an oedipus complex on us.  Schizophrenia was the proposed model for escaping the damage of oedipus.

Jeffrey T. Guterman, Ph.D., PMTH subscriber,  a mental health counselor and counselor educator. His interests include postmodern and solution-focused applications to mental health counseling and education. His 1994 article "A Social Constructionist Position for Mental Health Counseling" in the Journal of Mental Health Counseling (JMHC) served as the impetus for the on-going published exchange about postmodernism in JMHC.   .

Mastering the Art of Solution-focused Counseling

Aron Gurwitsch - early twentiethcentury phenomenological sociologist.

Ian Hacking - a Philosophy and History of Philosophy Professor at the University of Toronto and the Institute for History and Philosophy of Science and Technology.  He is an important and original philosopher whose work is well known and widely cited across fields and disciplines. He has written eight books, including, The Taming of Chance (Ideas in Context), an analysis of the intellectual and social history of statistics and probability theory in the 19th century; and Rewriting the Soul: Multiple Personality and the Sciences of Memory , and, most recently, The Social Construction of What?


J�rgen Habermas - present day German philosopher who argues against Lyotard. Gadamer Rorty and postmodernity. He says that the project of modernity is not a failure.  It is just incomplete.  Habermas works in the tradition of Critical Theory.  His central theory is a theory of " communicative action."  His theory has a evolutionist or developmental framework and he is sympathetic towards the work of Kohlberg and Piaget. 

David Haddad Ed.D., PMTH subscriber, Family Therapist, Psychologist in private practice. Current interests, consulting/training/supervision in community mental health context, i.e., major mental illness, domestic violence, aging etc.. As a student of meditation for the past 25 years, I am also interested in the interface between spirituality and wellness.

Jay Haley - A well known and prolific author on family therapy and one of the founders of the MRI insitute.

Harr�, Rom - is a lecturer in the philosophy of science and fellow of Linacre College in Oxford University.  He is also Professor in the Department of Psychology at Georgetown University, Washington, DC and Adjunct Professor of Social and Behavioral Sciences at Binghamton University.  He is a prolific author with over 30 published books, many of which have been influential.  His books include, The Discursive Mind, and The Singular Self : An Introduction to the Psychology of Personhood.
David F. Harris, PMTH subscriber, MTS, is currently a Masters student in Community Counseling. While obtaining an undergraduate degree in choral conducting and a Masters in Theological Studies, Harris worked in developing and managing technology departments for large non-profits for over twenty years. His philosophical interests include Wittgenstein, Kant, Nietzsche, and Foucault. His readings in Psychology have focused on Freud, neo-Freudians, and social constructionism, especially the work of Ken Gergen. He resides in Atlanta (USA) with his wife and Australian Terrier.

Georg Hegel -  (1770-1831).  German philosopher who proposed that truth is reached by a continuing dialectic in which everything is divided into two parts, a thesis and an antithesis, and these opposites come together to yield a closer approximation of the truth only for this synthesis (and every subsequent one) to become split into a new thesis and antithesis which reaches a new synthesis.  His major works include ThePhenomenology of Mind (1807).

Martin Heidegger (1889-1976), a Germane xistentialist who spoke of there being two modes of existence, the Authentic and the Inauthentic.  The Authentic mode is conscious of the death and experiences 'Anxiety towards death'.  The In authentic mode involves humans (Dasein) in 'prattle' (as opposed to 'discourse) and to accept without reflection the beliefs passed on by others.  His major work was Being and Time, in 1927.   Heidegger has been rejected by many philosophers today because he was involved in the Nazi party for Germany during WWII.  The irony of this in relationship with his philosophy is profound.  His later philosophy (post WWII) abandons these ethical issues, is largely concerned with language and is recognizably postmodern.

Barbara Held, Ph.D. professor of psychology at Bowdoin College, Brunswick Maine, and therapist in private practice.  Held is an outspoken critic of postmodernism.  She calls instead for what she labels a "modest realism" in all psychotherapy theory and practice.  To read more about Held in a PMTH article click here.Or click here to read JerryGale's article discussing HeldHeld in connection with Gergen.

Tom Hicks, PsyD, M.S.W.,  PMTH subscriber, member of the original PMTH advisory group.  Currently in private practice in San Diego CA.  Worked in hospital, agency, private practice settingssince 1979.  Teaches graduate marriage, family therapy at San DiegoState University part-time.  Married - two children. . Interests: Surfing, Tennis, Swing-Dancing, Collabortive Approaches to therapy.

Hill, Priscilla, Ph.D. PMTH subscriber, psychologist who has been involved in group therapy process research; interested in ordinary language study.

Sophie Holmes, PMTH subscriber, Psychologist and Marital& Family Therapist in private practice Melbourne Australia. Director of Williams Road Family Therapy Centre I've done and am doing a number of things in the family therapy and therapeutic community but the most interesting  is that  I am  pursuing  my own research  - On the nature of Expertise in Family Therapy. (I am quite a way through it - well at least that's my fantasy.) I got tired and irritate with the myth that a certain number of bags full of theory made a good clinician. My stating point was to use naturalist research methods to explore what it is that happens when novice and experienced  therapists walk in a room and being to talk with people. How do they all proceed with each other .....? 

Lois Holzman, Ph.D., PMTH subscriber, specializes in Vygotsky theory, 

click here for more details

Read Lois Holzman's most recent book.

Psychological Investigations: A Clinician's Guide to Social Therapy


Lynn Hoffman, ACSW, PMTH subscriber, is an internationally known lecturer on family therapy and author of  several books on the subject, including Foundations of Family Therapy, Basic Books, N.Y., and Exchanging Voices, Karnac Books, London. She is particularly interested in applying postmodern ideas and formats to teaching, writing, therapy and consulting. 

Read Lynn Hoffman's most recent book.  If is an up close and personal account of family therapy.

Family Therapy: An Intimate History

Karen Horney, (1885-1952) - a neo-freudian psychoanalyst with a theory that neurosis was much more continuous with ordinary life than psychoanalysts had previously imagined. She thought traditional psychoanalysis was mistaken in thinking that neurosis was caused by abuse or negltect in childhood.
bell hooks, postmodern writer who focuses on the black experience through a postmodern lens.
Michael Hjerth, PMTH subscriber,  am part of the FKC team in Stockholm. Sweden and am is a 39 year old licensed psychologist. My doubts about the relevance of the recEived view of psychology are so strong that I prefer to call myself a post-psychologist: the theory and praxis of change and creativity were always more interesting to me than explanations. I was a musician before becoming a psychologist and still regards therapy as very close to art. At the same time, I think that social construcionism, discursive psychology, the neurosciences and evolutionary perspectives might provide us with building blocks for a more "sound" science of psychology. But it would perhaps better to find another word than "psychology". My daily work is mainly training and supervising solution focused work. Most of the persons
I work with are involved in social work, substance abuse or educational stuff. I am a board member of the European Brief Therapy Association (EBTA),  I also edit a couple of web sites, including the EBTA web newsletter, and am a member of the recently formed Solution Focused Brief Therapy Research CommitteE. E-mail:EBTAweb:FKC web:
Penn Hughes, Ph.D. - PMTH subscriber, a clinical psychologist who works with parolees for the California Department of Corrections.  His undergraduate degree is in history.  Hehas a master's degree in sociology, which claims his intellectual loyalty, most importantly George Herbert Mead and symbolic interactionism. His psychology thesis advisor was Lois Shawver.

Edmund Husserl - Founder of the modern school of phenomenology. He introduced the concept of bracketing and presumed that the mind filters and constitutes perceptions by translating them into a framework of meaning.

Douglas Ingram, M.D., postmodern psychoanalyst who writes about language and the language construction of psychoanalytic sessions.Click here to see an online paper.

Bobbie Iversen, PMTH subscriber, a social worker and dean and U. Penn. She is very interested in the notion of the geneogramas as assessment tool from a social construction perspective. She is also one of 40 social workers teaching in university settings who recently met to talk about ideas in the curriculum She has a doctorate but I Doctorate of Social Work.

Donald Jackson - (1928-1968) Typically considered the father of the idea of "family therapy." One of the founders of the MRI Institute for family therapy in Palo Alto. Click here to see a website on him.

Frederic Jameson - A professor of Comparative Literature at Duke University.  He publishes on Marxism and Postmodernism.  Probably his most important book is: Postmodernism or The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism.  Jameson wrote the introduction to Lyotard's book, The Postmodern Condition.

William James -   1842-1910.  American psychologist, sometimes called America's first psychologist, published a two volume introduction to Psychology that was the college text on the subject for many years.  He work, however, was in the tradition of philosophy, yet was quite readable. He was the founder of pragmatism and the psychological  movement of functionalism.

Graeme Kane, PMTH subscriber, Psychologist in community health. Interests include post-modern therapies, social constructionism, painting, the beach, gardening and good food. Thinking about private practice but find community health sector a rewarding challenge. Obtained BA (Honours) in 1991; Graduate Diploma in Educational Psychology (1995) and Master of Psychology (Counselling) in 1999.

Kant, Immanuel. 1724-1804.  German philosopher who argued that the mind processes incoming information by filtering it through a mental apparatus.  As such, it is impossible, he argued, for us to know about the world outside our minds, however, he held, that it was possible to discover by reason alone something about the nature of the way our minds work.  His classic work making this argument is the Critique of Pure Reason (1781).  In his ethical work is the Crique of Practical Reason (1788), he put forward his system of the Categorical Imperative, which is rather like the Golden Rule (i.e., Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.)  Kant should be considered anativist (because we are born with the mental apparatus), and a constructivist His work has been very influential in western philosophy.

Soren Kierkegaard (1813-55), The founder of Christian existentialism.  He believed that his God is known only by a "leap of faith," which also is a leap into the eternal and the irrational. Only the immediacy of personal experience confers reality as a  "Truth in Subjectivity".  His main work is probably the Concluding Unscientific Postscript (1846).

Chris Kinman, PMTH subscriber, lives and works lives and works near Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada with his wife and three small children.  I love water:  Fishing, tide-pool searching with his children, seas and rivers. Has been involved in the Vancouver area, in the development of several therapeutic programs servicing children, young people and their families.  These programs have been for those children, young people and families in the care of the government, those in the Corrections system, and those dealing with issues of substance misuse. He talks of feeling enchanted at the moment with the "language of gift", and how this can enrich our therapeutic practices and he reads Derrida, Deleuze and Guitarri, and other postmodern writers.

Ivan D. Kovacs, PMTH subscriber, Professor Emeritus, CSUH. - 1950's psychologist: National Neuropsychiatric Institute, Hungary; 60's  family service agency, US., "Training school" for juveniles, Center for Research on Conflict Resolution etc. - 70's developed undergraduate program in which interdisciplinary teams and students explore contradictory academic orientations, their conflicts etc. and the participants' intra and interpersonal processes in this context w/ goals: theoretical understanding, intra and interpersonal development. - Personal interest: relationships between living, meaning and valuing, interacting as constituents and vulnerabilities of being human

Derrick Klaassen, M.A. - PMTH subscriber interested in narrative psychology, cross-cultural/genderpsychology, psychology of religion and qualitative research.  He grewup bi-culturally and bi-lingually in Germany and is currently employed as a research assistant at Trinity WesternUniversity in Langley, BC.

Ulf Korman, PMTH subscriber, family therapist in Sweden, highly influenced by Cecchin
plays clarinet in a symphony orchestra, married, daughter.

Thomas Kuhn - recently deceased philosopher of science.  His groundbreaking book, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, argued that science progressed both within paradigms (that framed the problems that scientists could investigate) and by breaking with paradigms and beginning new ones.  When science progressed within paradigms, this was called "normal science."

Jacques Lacan - a renegade French psychoanalyst who set French psychoanalysis in a tailspin  primarily during the 1930's and 1940's.  He was a transitional figure between structuralism and poststructuralism, although some would argue that he was primarily one or the other.

Larner, Glenn - a clinical psychologist working in child and family therapy.  He has published widely in family therapy journals on the relevance and application of Derrida's deconstructive philosophy to a postmodern psychology and psychotherapy.  He is also a doctoral student at Wollongong University researching a thesis on this topic.  ADDRESS: Queenscliff Child and Family Health Service, PO Box605, Brookvale, NSW 2100, Australia.

Leibniz,   Gottfried Wilhelm von. 1646-1716.  German philosopher and mathematician.He  invented differential and integral calculus independently of Newton and became famous for the metaphysical theorythat we live in "the best of all possible worlds."

Peter Lenaerts, PMTH subscriber, clinical psychologist, director of the Institute for Psychotherapeutic Relations and Reflections (IPRR) in Belgium.
Works also in the Netherlands as a postmodern and systemic psychotherapist in a psychiatric hospital GGzEindhoven. Uses poems and art in his work with psychiatric clients.

Jessica Leon - PMTH subscriber, LCSW, and RPT (Registered Platy Therapist), practicing for 5 years.  She specializes in working with young children, utilizing play therapy as the primary intervention.  Currently, she is in a Ph.D. program in counseling, with a specialty in marriage, family and couple's therapy.

Katherine Levine, PMTH subscriber, member of PMTH advisory group, Social Worker, aging hippy, published twotrade (popular) books on parenting, adjunct professor, provided securedetention  for 366 delinquent kids, converted Jew, happily married,2 birth children.
click herefor more extended version of this info

Emmanuel Levinas -  (1906-1995) - a French philosopher who inspired other French philosophes who wrote in the fertile period after WWII.  Levinas argued that ethics precedes ontology, that is, that what exists in the world emerges phenomenologically for us when we awaken to our ehtical commitments and the predicaments that they bestow on us.

Valerie E. Lewis, PhD, PMTH subscriber, Clinical Psychologist. Many years in private practice, was last teaching part time in a postgrad university course in geropsychology and involved in teaching in the Erickson hypnosis diploma in Perth Australia. Now retired and living the good life in the Sunshine Coast of Queensland, doing volunteer work and being a grandmother. Immigrated to Australia from North America many moons ago. Can be reached on or click here.

Elizabeth F. Loftus - A well known critic of the notion of repressed memories.  clickhere.

Lakoff, George, a linguistic professor who has published influential works on the subtle presence of metaphorsin ordinary language.  Clickhere to see some of his works.

Jacques Lacan, recently deceased French psychoanalyst who was highly critical of American psychoanalysis and offered interpretation of Freud's writing that tried to show us the way language works to create an unconscious.  Clickhere for more details.

John Lawless, Ph.D., PMTH subscriber. I am an assistant professor at MCP Hahnemann University and consider myself a postmodern family therapy heavily influenced by narrative therapy and collaborative language systems.  I graduated from the University of Georgia in May 2000 and was fortunate to have Jerry Gale as a mentor.  Jerry sparked my interest in narrative therapy, social constructionism and qualitative research.  My current research explores the discourse of contextual issues (e.g., race, ethnicity and culture) in marriage and family therapy (MFT).  I use the term "discourse" in a loose way.  For me it implies not only the conversations that MFTs have in the therapeutic and supervisory context but also the way that MFTs present themselves textually.  My research experience has been in quantitative and qualitative research methodologies but recently I have focused most of my energy into qualitative research, conversation analysis and textual analysis.  My clinical work has focused on working with adolescents and their families.  Outside of academia, I am married, Kathryn, with two children, Connor and Aidan.  I have studied Northern Wu Taijiquan. Other interests include; running, backpacking, and kayaking.

Claude Levi-Strauss - A structuralist anthropologist who was very influenced by Saussure. He analyzed cultural organizations (usually primitive cultural organizations) to uncover the way in which their language worked to lay down a kind of permanent or inflexible structure in their thinking. Clickhere for more details.

Andrew Lock, Ph.D. PMTH subscriber, professor of psychology at Massey Univ, New Zealand.
Click here for more details

Jim Lord, PMTH subscriber. Works within the framework of appreciative inquiry (a theory and practice of socially constructing shared desired futures inspired by the best of the past and present), by speaking, writing on the application of AI to the development of philanthropic collaborations (a.k.a. "fund raising").

Jean-Francois Lyotard, recently deceased, French philosopher, most famous for defining postmodernism as an incredulity towards metanarratives.  His postmodernism is visionary. It was Lyotard who introduced the notion of paralogy. Clickhere for PMTH NEWS article comparing Lyotard to Kuhn.
Click herefor a collection of articles and texts introducing Lyotard's ideas

Karl Marx (1818-83), social philosopher and political activist, and founder (with Friedrich Engels) of the world Communist movement.  He rejected the philosophical idealism of G.W.F. Hegel but accepted his dialectical method and combined it with the philosophical to produce his own approach of dialectical materialism.  He was highly involved in efforts to overthrow of capitalism which he saw as exploitive and self-destructive.  His monumental work was  Das Capital (3vols., 1867, 1885, 1894).

Jeffrey Masson (1940-) Ph.D. in Sanskrit from Harvard University and professor of Sanscrit at Toronto until1980.  In 1970, however, he began training as a psychoanalyst and in 1980 he was made the Project Director of the Sigmund Freud archives. He quickly had a serious argument with Anna Freud over what he claimed to be her father's suppression of evidence of infantile seduction. Masson's book, The Assault on Truth: Freud and Child Sexual Abuse, spawned an important controversy around psychoanalysis.

Check out Jeffrey Masson's very controversial book that puts psychoanalysis in a negative light.

The Assault on Truth:  Freud's suppression of the seduction theory.

Humberto Maturana - wrote with FranciscoVarela Together they composed Autopoietic theory.  Aupoietic theory`is a constructivist system that analyzes living systems as operational circularities.  Rather than focusing on atomic referents in an objective world it talks of the relations among processes in phenomenology.  Click here to go to a relevant PMTH article, by Nick Drury
Marsha McDonough, Ph.D., PMTH subscriber, Psychologist and Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, Private Practice in Austin, Texas, and adjunct faculty at the University of Texas Department of Educational Psychology.  Co-founder of Cuente Comigo, an institute in Austin, Texas dedicated to supervision, training, consultation, and community outreach from a collaborative/postmodern stance.

Sheila McNamee, Ph.D. PMTH subscriber, Professor of Communication at the University of New Hampshire, and the former Chair of that department.  She is a founding member of the Taos Institute, editor of Therapy as Social Construction with Kenneth Gergen, and the author of numerous chapters and journal articles on social constructionist theory and practice.  Her work is focused on transformation of societal practices within a range of contexts including mental health, organizational life, education, community development, and health care.  Her most recent book is Relational Responsibility:  Resources for Sustainable Dialogue with Kenneth Gergen (Sage, 1998).  She is editor of Therapy as Social Construction (also with Kenneth Gergen) and has authored numerous articles and chapters on social
constructionist theory and practice.  Sheila lectures and consults regularly, both nationally and internationally, for universities, private institutes, and organizations.

Check out a book looking in depth at the logic of  interpersonal relationships.

Relational Responsibility : Resources for Sustainable Dialogue

Thierry Melchior - Philosopher and Psychologist at the Mental Health Service of the University of Brussels, co-founder of the Milton H. Erickson Institute of Belgium and of the Belgian Society of Hypnosis, author of a book "Cr�er le R�el" (Editionsdu Seuil, Paris 1998) and some papers (in French) dealing with hypnosis and therapy in a constructivist framework. E-mail :; Website (in English and in French) . Click here for more details

Louis Menand, a professor of humanities at City University of New York who warns of the dangers that postmodernism poses to the future of American liberal education.

Maurice Merleau-Ponty - (1908-1961). a French philosopher who wrote during the flowering of French philosophy immediately after WWII.  He is known for insisting that the human mind is "embodied".  That means that the way humans think and understand is heavily influenced by their physical existence as bodies.

Salvador Minuchin, child psychiatrist, family therapist, founder of the structural family therapy approach.  He was inspired by Saussure's structuralist theory of language.  Minuchin was one of the last living family therapy pioneers, who is now seen as a grandfather-figure by a lot af family therapists.  Born in Argentina, but living in the USA for decades.  See PMTH article on Minuchin,

John Morss - Ph.D., PMTH subscriber. A critical psychologist and senior lecturer in Education at the University of Otago in New Zealand.  He is a very readable author of several books and book chapters critiquing the notion of psychological development.

Fred Newman, Wittgensteinian philosopher, click here for more details

Isaac Newton, (1642-1727) English mathematician and physicist; developed calculus simultaneously and independently with Leibniz, but is most remembered for his law of gravitation and his three laws of motion.

Leland (Lee)  Nichols - PMTH subscriber. Leland (Lee) Nichols is Professor Emeritus and former Chair of Communication Studies, California Statue University Sacramento. He was hired by the university off the unemployment line (sort of) when the PBS station he ran failed to renew his contract. (They had heard the rumor he was gay.) .Before that he was head of public policy research for the State Assembly, press aid to the governor, and an NBC news reporter/ commentator. He is currently at work on The Village Factor, a book which seeks to explicate how interactions in our symbolic villages construct identity.

Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900). Nietzsche is famous for speaking of the 'Death of God'.  Many of his works have a passionate and poetic quality about them,  especially, Thus Spake Zarathustra (1883-91).   Also see Beyond Good &Evil  (1886), On the Genealogy  of Morals (1887), and Ecce Homo(1888).  He talked  of the way in which the Christian morality is founded in the psychology of the  slave and tried to  'transvaluate all values' so that his readers would be inspired to champion
the master morality.  His writing was used by the Nazis after he was  institutionalized by his sister.

John O'Leary, Ph.D. PMTH subscriber, psychologist/psychoanalyst on the faculty of Columbia University, supervisor at the William Alanson White Institute.

Kiernan O'Rourke-Phipps, M.A., PMTH subscriber, Sociolinguistics, M.Ed. Marriage & Family Therapy. Kiernan has a private practice as a narrative therapist. Kiernan is currently writing a book inspired by sharing the experience of two very special conferences (Honoring Community 2002 & The Bright New Edge of Therapy 2006) where Lynn Hoffman was pivotal in honoring and connecting professions, communities, postmodern thinkers, and therapeutic practitioners even as she was honored all who were present.

Laura Packer, Psy. D. PMTH subscriber candidate at Wright State University, PMTH subscriber, Clinical Director for The Willow Counseling Clinic, clinical hypnotherapist, family therapist with a postmodern influence?

Mara Selvini Palazzoli - Founder of the Milan school of family therapy. 

David Pare - PMTH subscriber, an assistant professor in counselling at the  university of Calgary. A charteredpsychologist and family therapist, David has a longstanding interest in social constructionism, and collaborative ideas and practices.  Much of his writing touches on the application of narrative ideas to therapy, and has appeared in Family Process, the Journal of Collaborative Therapies, the Canadian Journal of Counselling, and The Therapist's Notebook.  David and Glenn Larner have an edited book with 20 international contributors on relational nonviolence in psychology and therapy.

Ian Parker, Professor of Psychology at Bolton Institute, and co-director of the Discourse Unit (Deane Road Bolton  BL3 5AB  UK)  Member of the Psychology Politics Resistance.  Recent work on the intersection of Marxism and psychology (Psychology and Society: Radical Theory and Practice, co-edited with Russell Spears, Pluto Press, 1996), critical perspectives in discourse analysis (Culture, Power and Difference: Discourse Analysis in South Africa, co-edited with Ann Levett, Amanda Kotler and Erica Burman, Zed, 1997), the production and circulation of psychoanalytic explanation (Psychoanalytic Culture: Psychoanalytic Discourse in Western Society), and critical assessments of realism and relativism in psychology (Social Constructionism, Discourse and Realism, Sage, 1998). webpage
click here for more details    clickhere to email.

Check out Ian Parker's

Psychoanalytic Culture : Psychoanalytic Discourse in Western Society

Alan Parry, Ph.D. PMTH subscriber, psychologist, family therapist and adjunct assistant professor, Family Therapy Program, Department of Psychiatry, University of Calgary. I did my Ph.D. in at Berkeley in the late 60s and never quite recovered. I became a narrative therapist probably because I couldn't stop telling stories about life in the 60s and eventually co-authored a book with my good friend Rob Doan entitled Story Re-visions: Narrative Therapy in the Postmodern World. I have also written a few other articles on related topics, including a couple on chaos theory reflecting, I suppose, further fallout from a postmodern lifestyle. My greatest accomplishment, apart from marrying my wife, Elke, and co-creating a blended family of seven (now adult) children and seven grandchildren, was running a marathon a few years ago without training for it ( due, not to hubris, but to a foul-up in the registration) in three hours, twenty nine minutes.

Talcott Parsons - (1902-1979), an influential American sociologist.  He argued that society tended toward a self-regulating, self-maintaining entity with each part serving a purpose of function.  This line of thought is called functionalism.  He believe that science progresses by a process of successive approximation.  He provides a sociologized version of he logical positivist treatment of epistemology.

Charles Sunders Peirce -(usually pronounced "purse"), American philosopher, logician, physicist,and mathematician (1839-1914), sometimes thought to be America's greatest philosopher, founded what he called "pragmatism," the theory that the meaning and truth of statements must be defined in terms of their practical and observable consequences.  It was a philosophy designed to achieve clarity and, eventually, a convergence of all opinion in an inter-subjective and consensual truth.

Joe Pfeffer, Ph.D., PMTH subscriber, is a psychologist at the Family Court of St. Louis County (Missouri) and adjunct professor in the Department of Counseling and Family Therapy at St. Louis University.  His doctorate is from Washington University. He has been a "postmodern evolutionary" without knowing it since he discovered Edmund Husserl and phenomenology while an undergraduate at Georgetown University.  His major psychological influence was Carl Rogers, though he bases his ideas about "personality"on Marcel Proust's Remembrance of Things Past.  His first "postmodern revelation" occurred at a Michael White workshop in 1993.  Since then, he has been on a postmodern journey that still feels like it is just beginning.
     Joe has a particular interest in psychological assessment in a postmodern context.  His current work involves attempting to co-construct psychological evaluations with court-referred divorcing couples who are arguing over child custody.  He is especially interested in using a Reflecting Team format as part of this process.

Plato - (427? - 347 BC)  Plato was an ancient Greek philosopher, whose ideas, arguably, have dominated western thinking for over two thousand years.  He was a follower or student of Socrates and he founded the Academy where Aristotle studied in his youth.

David Pocock, PMTH subscriber, Principal Family Therapist,  Child and Family Consultation Service, Marlborough House, Princess Margaret Hospital,  Okus Road, Swindon, SN1 4JU, U.K.

Karl Popper - Karl Popper was not a university philosopher, but his philosophy of science has been embraced by many scientists.  He is an outspoken critic of Marxism (see The Open Society and its Enemies).

Jonathan Potter, Professor of Discourse Analysis at Loughborough University. He is the author of Mapping the Language of Racism and Discourse and Social Psychology (both with Margaret Wetherell) and Discursive Psychology (with Derek Edwards).

Ptolemy - second century A.D., Alexandrian astronomer, mathematician, and geographer who based his astronomy on the belief that all heavenly bodies revolve around the earth.
Willard Van Orman (W.V.O.) Quine - grandfather of American analytic philosophy.
Much of his work was in mathematical logic.  Read about his essay "TwoDogmas of Empiricism."

Sadeq Rahimi, PMTH subscriber, Doctoral Candidate of Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University.  Currentresearch involves collective identity. Clinical work concerns victims oftrauma .  Can be contacted by clickinghere .

Eero Riikonen - is a psychiatrist in Finland.  See his book, Eero Riikonen & Greg Madan-Smith'sRe-Imagining Therapy (Sage, 1997.)

Peter Rober, PMTH subscriber, member of the PMTH advisory group, clinical psychologist, family therapist and co-director of the trainings institute Feelings & Context (Arthur Goemaerelei,3 - B-2018 Antwerp  Belgium).
T. Michael Roberts, Ed.D.  (Educational Psychology ),  PMTH subscriber,  is Adjunct Professor of Psychology at Kingwood College in Houston, Tx.  His interests include semiotics, narrative psychology, identity formation under conditions of media saturation and instructional technology.

Brent Dean Robbins, Ph.D., PMTH SUBSCRIBER, is a clinical psychologist and psychotherapist who is Visiting Assistant Professor at Allegheny College. He is an offspring of Duquesne University's tradition of phenomenological and postmodern clinical psychology. His work has focused on postmodern psychotherapy, the critical theory and phenomenology of emotion, the history and philosophy of psychology, and the critical history of childhood. He is co-editor of Janus Head, and a partner of Trivium Publications. His home page is Mythos & Logos.

Sharon Doubell Robins - PMTH subscriber - 36 year old SA student/ ex teacher. Currently: meandering down the road - via a Masters in Psychoanalytic Literary Theory analzsing  the voices of the 'multobiographers' of Dissociative Identity Disorder - to a Masters in Psychology, and narrative training in reflecting teams. Intention: to work with adolescents in the fields of drug addiction and AIDS bereavement (a soon to be developmental norm in SA.) Penchant for: lone ritual dancing around the French poststructuralist cult fires of Derrida, Kristeva, Lacan etc. Can be found: sawing off the branch she is sitting on, or paradoxically in search of 'spiritual' elegance.

Richard Rorty - An current day American philosopher who is often identified with postmodern thought in spite of the fact that he claims not to be postmodern.

Claire Robson, PMTH subscriber, Marriage and Family Therapist. Working on Ph.D. in MFT at Syracuse University.  Previously educated (AAS in Agricultural Science) and employed in agriculture - dairy, pork, poultry, draft horses, and vegetables - before  deciding that humans had some worth, too.  Home schooled three sons for 4 years before returning to school for MFT, and currently working with NY
FarmNet (based at Cornell in Ithaca, NY) to provide informational, referral and consulting services to New York's farming community. Research interests in Agricultural Marriages and Families.

Jason Ross PMTH Subscriber, (MA in Counselling Psychology), has a fervent interest in the relationship between language and psychology. He is particularly interested in how this applies to working with families, relationships, sexual health and injury or illness experiences. At present, he runs a private consultancy in Johannesburg, South Africa. Contact him through or follow his thinking on Untwisted.

Gerald K. Rubin, MSW, Ph.D., PMTH subscriber, emeritus associate professor of social work, UNLV.  LCSW and LMFT until retirement.  Past employment also included mental health, family @ children's service, and private practice for many years until retirement.  Published writer on general system theory, family therapy, existentialism and logotherapy.  Influences include the MRI group (esp. Paul Watzlawick), major existential therapists, and Carl Rogers.  Current interests are the role/approach of the postmodern therapist, and to better understand therapy, in all its dimensions, in our postmodern time.  The therapist's striving for an attitude of "not knowing" continues to intrigue me.

Bertrand Russell - (1872-1970).  English philosopher, known especially for his work in mathematical logic but he also wrote many popular philosophies on social issues.

Harvey Sacks - Although he published little during his life and died an early death in 1975, Harvey Sacks delivered lectures that were highly influential in sociology and sociologinguistics.  They played a major role in the development of ethnomethodology and conversation analysis (CA),

Adam Sandelson - MSc - PMTH subscriber, is a BACP Accredited Counsellor in London, manages a primary care counselling service in the NHS, and is principle tutor for the final year of the CPPD Advanced Diploma in Humanistic Integrative Counselling (a BACP Accredited Course). Interested in issues of integration between psychoanalytical and humanistic approaches.

Robert Santos -  PMTH subscriber, ex-Ph.D. candidate in English/Critical Theory, with background in psychoanalytic theory  (Lacan, Kristeva), feminist film theory, Heidegger and Foucault.  Volunteer counselor trainee at the Southern California Counseling Center in Los Angeles.  Works days doing sales for an Internet service company, and is planning to enroll in a Masters program in counseling psych in '02.  Interested most avidly at this point in narrative therapy, theories of the subject and the challenges of essentialism and authenticity to a postmodern therapist.

Riet Brevoord Samuels, Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology. PMTH subscriber. Dutch, but residing in theS.F. Bay Area. One daughter.

Carlos J. Sanchez. PMTH subscriber. Born in Puerto Rico. Family therapist with extensive experience working with low income and minorities. Trained with some of the well known figures in family therapy. Area of interest is
children/adolescent and their families. Strong believer in introducing postmodernism to traditional psychotherapic models. Presently the clinical director at a residential treatment facility in Philadelphia.

Samantha Sands - PMTH subscriber "I am an EAP counsellor/case manager working in London, and a trainee integrative psychotherapist currently studying on the Advanced Diploma programme at Regent's College. I undertake a voluntary clinical placement at my local community counselling service."

Sappho - A creative female lyric poet in ancient Greece who lived and wrote on the island of Lesbos.  Most of her poems express adoration of women.  more on Sappho.

Theodore Roy (Ted) Sarbin (1911-2005) - a psychologist who did much to prepare the way for postmodern thinking in therapy theory. For one example, his book, Narrative Psychology: The Storied Nature of Human Conduct by Theodore R Sarbin - 1986 was a prescient of the concern with the client's "narrative" among therapists today. See: Theodore R. Sarbin, The Narrative as a Root Metaphor for Psychology. In Sarbin, T. R.(Ed.) Narrative Psychology: The Storied Nature of Human Conduct. New York: Praeger.

Jean Paul Sartre, famous French existentialist (1905-80).  Sartre was a novelist, playwright, and philosopher. He participated in the French Resistance in World War II, He was also involved in Marxist politics.  His most important work is  Being and Nothingness(1943),  In 1964 Sartre stunned the intellectual world by refusing the Nobel Prize for literature.

Ferdinand de Saussure -  (1857-1913) Founder of structural linguistics.  Structural linguistics presented a very powerful idea about the way language works.  Basically, the idea is that language is based on naming things.  Then, once  we master a language, we master the ability to trigger certain responses in the minds of listeners who also know this language simply by saying the name of things.  One might say "tree," for example, and the listener would then have the concept of a tree brought before her mind.  The word "tree" is the signifier and the concept is called the "signified" and the entire language web is called a "signifying system."  Saussure's major text was written posthumously by his students who culled the work from their notes.  The text is "Course in General Linguistics" and it is fairly easily read.
To read more about Saussure, click here

Arthur Schopenhauer,  (1788-1860),  He was overshadowed by G.W.F. Hegel until 1852 when Schopenhauer's system was popularized. Schopenhaur's main work, The World as Will and Idea (1818), argues that human beings are driven by desire and to satisfy that desire leads only to ennui.

Moritz Schlick (1882-1936). German philosopher and a leader of the Vienna Circle.

Alfred Schutz - Early twentieth century sociologist who combined Weber's sociology with Husserl's phenomenological method. He argued that Verstehen was not accomplished privately but was a skill based on public training. in which we learn to judge intentions, goals, motives, etc.  He advocated study of sociology from the stance of scrutinizing one's experience of other persons.  the other person is known as the Other.

Searles, John, philosopher at University of California, Berkeley, California, who is well known in his work on "speech act theory."  Click here to read a review of one his recent books.

Yishai Shalif - PMTH subscriber living in Jerusalem. 42 years old Married to Deena and OT and father to three children. A practicing orthodox Jew. Currently trying to co-author (in Michael White's sense of the term)  with people and institutions their preferred Narratives. Has an M.A. in school/educational psychology and clinical psychology of children. Has been around the world (Adelaide, Chicago) trying to learn Narrative practices. Runs the School Psychological services in Modiin Ilit, a new town midway between Tel-Aviv and Jerusalem in Israel. I teach Narrative practices and Mediated Learning Experience and have a private practice at home working with families young people and children.


Lois Shawver, Ph.D. PMTH subscriber and host, editor and author of much of PMTH NEWS.   clinical psychologist, Click here  for an annotated list of Shawver's publications on postmodern therapies.  Click here to read an online interview with Lois Shawver, or Google her presence on the web.  Her most recent book is Nostalgic Postmodernism: Postmodern Therapy.


Jerry Shaffer, Ph.D. PMTH subscriber, retired Chair of University of Connecticut Philosophy Dept in 1995, MA in Marital and Family Therapy, now in private practice for individuals, couples and families.  He can be reached at U-54, Storrs, CT 06268-2054, USA, (860) 486-4421.

Steve de Shazer,  Co-founder of SFBT (Solution Focused Brief Therapy) a popular family therapy modality influenced by the writings of Ludwig Wittgenstein.

Helen Shoemaker, Ph.D., psychotherapist and PMTH subscriber.  In addition to having a private practice, Dr. Shoemaker directs three programs in the Counseling Psychology program at Holy Names College, Oakland, CA.

John Shotter, professor of interpersonal relations, Wittgensteinian, major postmodern theorist.  His work is highly compatible with Kenneth Gergen's work although it may be more influenced by Vygotsky and other authors who talk about the construction of the sense of an inner mind.

Craig Smith, Ph.D., PMTH subscriber, member of the PMTH advisory group, Marriage, Family and Child Counselor in private practice in Solano Beach Counseling Center in San Diego, CA. He teaches at San Diego State University, and is the co-editor (with David Nylund) of the book, Narrative Therapies with Children and Adolescents.

Don Smith, PMTH subscriber, MS Education and Ph.D. study in Critical Theory and poststructuralism, University of Rochester.  One of the Managers of Curriculum Development for Xerox Corp.  Husband and father.  My wish: To help move technical training away from behaviorism and to reduce patriarchy and control in the workplace.

Maryhelen Snyder - Psychologist and Family Therapist in Albuquerque, N.M. Private practice; Clinical Director, Relationship Enhancement Institute; Adjunct Faculty University of New Mexico Medical School, Dept. of Psychiatry. Co-creator with daughter, Susie Snyder, of "Co-constructive Relationship Therapy." Poet (two books published as well as poems in literary journals). Edited "Ethical Issues in Feminist Family Therapy" (Haworth); numerous professional articles and book chapters.  Most excited about articles on "Becoming the other..." and the dialogic nature of intelligence, as well as the article I sent for the archives on "poetry" as a metaphor for therapeutic process.

Socrates - 470?-399 BC.  An ancient Greek philosopher who created the Socratic method of instruction through question and answer.  Most of his teaching has survived through the writing of his famous student, Plato.  Socrates was tried for corrupting the minds of youth in Athens and put death for his crime.

John S�derlund - PMTH subscriber, is the editor of a fledgling bi-monthly publication  entitled New Therapist. The magazine is designed to serve as an  independent, comprehensive survival guide and support for  therapists.  John is a former financial journalist of a decade with  several South African and British publications and the Reuters news  agency.  The grind of daily journalism drove him to seek a more  measured life as editor of a magazine with more soulful subject matter  and fewer deadlines.

George Spears,  PMTH subscriber, Postmodernist and Social Therapy Student; credentials, BS  Health Administration, New York State Alcoholism  Credential,#999, trained in individual and group counseling techniques; employment, Shelter Administrator, City of New York Department of  Homeless Services, have some degree of oversight over all (67) shelters in the city; for the last (17) years a student /practitioner of social therapy, the non-diagnostic approach to therapy developed by Stanford  trained philosopher, Fred Newman, Ph.D. that is challenging the  categories and assumptions, that is, the 'truth', 'objectivity', 'explanation', 'reality', 'knowing', 'self' and 'identity' paradigms that  underlie mainstream social, and in particular psychological, science. 

Spence, Donald, Ph.D.  a professor of psychiatry who teaches at Princeton University.  His first book, Narrative Truth and Historical Truth, shook the postmodern world.  In general, his work makes it difficult to maintain a position of naive  realism regarding the psychoanalytic venture.  Sometimes Spence seems nostalgic about the modern vision, but in general his work is very supportive of postmodern ideas in that it deconstructs modern illusions.

Anyone interested in the idea of narrative therapy should read this classic:

Narrative Truth and Historical Truth: Meaning and Interpretation in Psychoanalysis

Spinoza, Baruch.  1632-1677. A Dutch philosopher who identified God with the universe and advocated an intellectual love of God.

John Stancombe, consultant chld psychologist in clinical practice in the UK National Health Service. Currently undertaking doctoral research at the Dept of Psy, Birkbeck College,U of London, examining the negotiation of blame and culpability in family work, and therapists' collegial discourse.  His other interests include the impact of post-structuralism and postmodernism on therapeutic practice and the practical-moral dimensions of helping.

Kenneth Stewart - Ph.D., PMTH subscriber, licensed psychologist, licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, faculty at Minnesota School of Professional psychology, husband and father, Currently focused on the concept of "curiosity" in clinical work as well as on temptations of power, bike rider who is interested in nature photography.

Manfred M. Straehle - PMTH subscriber, 1st year doctorate counseling psychology student at Temple
University. A graduate of the Social Therapy Program at the East Side Institute (currently enrolled in a post post graduate program there). Interests include philosophers such as Feyerabend, Bergson, Wittgenstein, Derrida, Lyotard, and so forth. Influences on therapeutic perspective include Fred Newman, Lois Holzman, Efran, Kelly, Whitaker, Rogers.  Central morality adapted from Fred Newman and is centered on creating and building friendships. Manfred,  likes to play music, songwrite, record, and create and build friendships.  Current interest is primarily focused on improvisation (from theater and comedy) and counseling and other contexts.  Currently co-authoring a book with professor Jerry Petroff of Temple University on Evolutionary Communication in the Work Place. It is based on postmodern and beyond postmodern ideas and my experiences in some 28 jobs in my 27 years as well as Dr. Petroff's experiences in educational consultation in North Jersey and NYC.  Requests of the outline can be obtained as well as the introduction.

Strawson, Peter F. (1919) � a British philosopher. His most influential book was Individuals (1959) in which he talked about the way in which we create a sense of our human individuality through the ordinary ways we talk about ourselves and other persons.  For example, In Individuals, Strawson says "Let us now think of some of the ways in which we ordinarily talk of ourselves�We ascribe to ourselves actions and intentions�" (p.89)  Strawson was the teacher of Rom Harre and Harre carries Strawson's theme of how we individuate ourselves forward in his own writing in cognitive psychology.

Tom Strong, Ph.D. PMTH subscriber, psychologist and a professor at the College of Arts, Social and Human Sciences, University of Northern British Columbia, British Columbia Canada.

Harry Stack Sullivan -(1892-1949). Sullivan was very famous during his lifetime. He was the originator of the interpersonal school of psychoschoanalysis, a form of psychoanalysis which focuses on the analysis of the patient's personal relationship, using special interview techniques to make interpersonal (relationship) events, objects for study, vivid and analyzeable. Sullivan was one of the co-founders (and probably the most influential of the founders) of the William Alanson White Institute, also known as the Washington School of Psychiatry.

Susan E. Swim, Ph.D. , PMTH subscriber, Faculty Houston Galveston Institute.   Currently, holds a (part-time) faculty position  at Loma Linda University in Loma Linda, CA.  Past part-time faculty Our Lady of the Lake University , .Private Practice Los Angeles and San Gabriel Counties.  Online faculty and instructor for HGI-Taos Institute courses in Social Constructionism , .On Line faculty and instructor for Massey University through HGI.  Local, National, and International Presenter on Collaborative Systems Language Approach to Therapy.  Multiple publications on CLS and a variety of topics ,.Trained, personally, with Harry Goolishian 1983 to his death, Licensed in Texas L.P.C., L.M.F.T , Licensed in California L.M.F.T , .Editor for JST for the last ten years.  Will assigned editor emeritus this year for JST.AAMFT member 1984 and Approved Supervisor since 1989.23 year history of Individual, Marriage, and Family Therapy.  20 year history of teaching, presenting, and publications.  Passions teaching, practicing and publishing CLS, especially in California where there is a prevalence of modernistic thinking that I have never experienced before.

Thomas Szasz - A psychoanalyst who published many books deconstructing traditional mental illness and treatment concepts, mostly in the 1960's and 70's.  The most famous and most influential of these was The Myth of Mental Illness published in the American Psychologist in 1960 and a book by the same name the next year.

Karin Taverniers, Ph.D. in psychology.  PMTH subscriber.  Family and couples therapist with a specialization in gender, diversity and cross-cultural issues. Born in Belgium, raised in different countries, currently living in Buenos Aires, Argentina. On the faculty of "Universidad del Salvador", and the "Centro de Estudios Sist�micos" in Buenos Aires. Board member of the "Asosciaci�n Sist�mica de Buenos Aires" (ASiBA).  Also an online therapist:
Thrasymachus - An ancient Greek scholar.  His ideas have been preserved for us only in the writing of Plato. In Plato'sRepublic, Thrasymachus is represented as having a muddled theory thatleaves us wondering why it is ethical to restrict one's interests for thesake of others.  Plato has Socrates answer this question by referring to an ethics of justice which is human nature.

Leon Tan - Counsellor in Auckland Aotearoa/New Zealand.  Practicing artist and poet.  Meditation teacher.  Interested in zen, postmodernism, transpiritual practice, eco psychotherapy, tai chi, and yoga.  Engaged in postgraduate psychotherapy education.

Thompson, Clara - 1893-1958. A close friend and colleague of Harry Stack Sullivan. One of the co-founders of the William Alanson White Institute of Psychiatry, along with Harry Stack Sullivan and others. Her primary writing is the book, Psychoanalysis: Evolution and Development.

Karl Tomm, psychiatrist and family therapist with articles on postmodernism.
Alfred Treptow, BSc. PMTH subscriber, South African, 60yr. old full time pastor, modernist theologian advancing to postmodernist thinking, pastoral counselor, organizational psychologist, family therapist. Completed Master's thesis: Narrative Therapy - a Paradigm Shift, influenced by teachers such as M.White, D.Epston, J.Freedman, S.McNamee, K.Gergen

Francisco Varela - wrote with HubertoMaturana.  Varela is an immunologist-turned-neuroscientist - aradical critic of cognitive science that thinks of the mind as a computer.  Builds off of Maurice Merleau-Ponty.  Co-author with Evan Thompson(philosopher), Eleanor Rosch (psychologist) to write TheEmbodied Mind.

juliane varvaro, PMTH subscriber, PhD student, background in political theory, psychology, philosophy, and philosophy of education. click hereto email

Lev Semenovich Vygotsky - Early twentieth century Soviet psychologist who theorized about the way in which conceptual development occurs in children based on social practices.

John Walter, PMTH subscriber, works as a change consultant (social worker by discipline) with individuals, families, couples, and organizations.  He is the cofounder of CONSULTATIONS, an organization dedicated to the use and development of optimistic approaches to change.  Along with Jane Peller, he wrote "Recreating Brief Therapy: Preferences and Possibilities" with Norton (2000) and "Becoming Solution-focused in Brief Therapy" with Taylor and Francis (1992).  His workshops include 1. CREATIVE INQUIRY: Recreating Brief Therapy, 2. Creating Opimism with Couples, and 3. Helping Clients Change Someone Else!  More info can be obtained at his website,   He is 56, married to Jane Peller, and is the proud father of Nate.

Samuel Weber - A professor at in the Humanities Center at John Hopkins University.  He writes on postmodern and psychoanalytic topics in a way that reflects his interest in language.

Judy Anderson Weintraub, PMTH subscriber, juvenile delinquent (1964-67), hippy (1967-70), MA, political science (1976), instructor, American Government(1976-77), Ph.D. dropout, Social Science(1980), parent (1983 to present); MA Educational Psychology (1986), MFCC therapist since 1985; protective services social worker (1987 to present), intermittent pencil artist, painter, poet, musician, philosopher, computerner and paralogist in evolution.

Michael White, co-author with David Epston of Narrative Means to Therapeutic Ends (1990) which launched a popular school of Narrative Therapy.

Susan White, Ph.D. (1997),  Lecturer in the Department of Social policy and Social Work,  Doctoral thesis analyzed institutional discourses in contemporary child-care social workin England.  Recent publications concern social theory and its relevance to social welfare; mental health and motherhood; time, temporality and child welfare; and (with John Stancombe) blamings in family therapy. She is currently researching young people's narratives in personal distress and, with colleagues, is about to begin a comparative study of the linguistic practices of child-care social workers in England and Finland. (1998article)

Jane Whitehead, MA, PMTH subscriber, neophyte Narrative therapist and MFCC  intern at Miracle Mile Community Practice in Los Angeles, CA.
Richard Catlett  Wilkerson ,PMTH subscriber,  A Bay Area dream educator and cyberdream-sharingpioneer. Authorof _A Brief History of Dream Sharing: Theory, Techniques and Cyberspace_ and _Postmodern Dreaming_, Richard's focus is on the marginalized state of dream sharing and its restitution as a cultural practice though applications of postmodern theory and online dream work.
clickhere to email.
Ludwig Wittgenstein, (April 26, 1889- April 29, 1951).a brilliant philosopher of language who as become a major influence in much postmodern thinking.  He was the primary influence in Lyotard's influential book, The Postmodern Condition, in which Lyotard defined postmodernism.  He is a primary influence for Kenneth Gergen, John Shotter, Harlene Anderson, Harry Goolishian, Fred Newman, Lois Holzman, Steve de Shazer, and many others.  There is an ongoing reading of Wittgenstein's major work going on.  Summary of Click here for Introduction to Wittgenstein article.  Click here for an article on Wittgenstein's concept of a language game.
Solomon Yusim, M.D. ("SY")- PMTH subscriber, is a "lapsed" physician turned systemic therapist, mostly in private practice.  After eight years as a full-time faculty, he is now an adjunct faculty in family and community medicine at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas.  His path to postmodern thinking about therapy and life, in general, lay through some desperately frustrating years of trying to practice therapy from the "all-knowing," expert position informed by his medical school training. The turning point in his career was a chancy meeting with Harry Goolishian, who invited him to spend  a postdoctoral fellowship year at the Galveston Family Institute, the home of the Collaborative Language Systems (CLS) theory and practice.  His current main interests are in the application of CLS ideas to physician-patient communication and in development of collaborative relationships between pomo-influenced therapists and primary care physicians.